There are many different technologies and organisations surrounding 5G and many of them have abbreviated names.
Keeping track of what they all stand for isn’t easy, but we’re here to help. Read on for a rundown of all the 5G abbreviations.
5G: This literally stands for fifth generation, as it’s the fifth generation of mobile networks, following the current fastest- 4G. It’s sometimes referred to as ‘5th generation mobile networks’ or ‘5th generation wireless systems’.
5GEx: This stands for ‘5G Exchange’. It’s a project aimed at enabling cross-domain orchestration of services over multiple administrations or over multi-domain single administrations.
5GIC: This stands for ‘5G Innovation Centre’. It’s housed at the University of Surrey and dedicated to working on 5G.
5GMF: This is the ‘Fifth Generation Mobile Communications Promotion Forum’. It’s a Japanese group created to conduct research and development on 5G.
5G PPP: This stands for ‘5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership’. It’s a partnership between industry manufacturers, telecommunications operators, service providers and researchers aimed at delivering technologies and standards for 5G.
5GU: This is the conference on 5G for Ubiquitous Connectivity. It’s focused on bringing together researchers and developers as well as regulators and policy makers in presenting their latest views on 5G.
ATIS: This stands for the ‘Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions’. ATIS allows information and communications technology (ICT) companies to convene to find solutions to their shared challenges. One of its current priorities is advancing the 5G network.
ETSI: This is the European Telecommunications Standards Institute, which, as the name suggests, develops telecommunications standards.
Gbps: This stands for ‘Gigabits per second’. It’s a measurement of data speed. 5G is expected to travel at many gigabits per second.
GHz: This stands for ‘gigahertz’. 5G is likely to rely heavily on GHz frequencies.
GSMA: This stands for ‘Groupe Speciale Mobile Association’. The GSMA represents the interests of mobile operators worldwide, uniting nearly 800 operators with more than 250 companies in the broader mobile ecosystem.
HetNet: This stands for ‘Heterogeneous Network’. It refers to a network connecting computers or other devices with different operating systems or protocols.
IEEE: This is the ‘Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers’. Its objectives are the educational and technical advancement of electrical and electronic engineering, telecommunications, computer engineering and allied disciplines.
IMT-2020: This is the official name for 5G as decided by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The ‘IMT’ bit stands for ‘International Mobile Telecommunications’ and the 2020 refers to the roadmap that’s also been agreed by the union, as it aims for the 5G standard to be finished by 2020.
IoE: This stands for the ‘Internet of Everything’ and refers to the whole world of the internet, including all the people and things connected to it, the process used for making those connections and the data that passes between people and devices.
IoT: This stands for the ‘Internet of Things’ and refers to connected devices beyond smartphones and computers. Things like lights, roads, cars and more.
ITU: This stands for ‘International Telecommunication Union’. It’s the United Nations specialised agency for information and communication technologies, so it’s playing a large role in the development of 5G.
ITU-R: This is the Radiocommunication sector of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
METIS: This stands for ‘Mobile and wireless communications Enablers for Twenty-twenty (2020) Information Society’.
MIMO: This stands for ‘Multiple Input Multiple Output’ and refers to using multiple spectrum bands at once to increase mobile data speeds.
mmMagic: This stands for ‘Millimetre-Wave Based Mobile Radio Access Network for Fifth Generation Integrated Communications’. It’s a project which is focused on testing millimetre-wave frequency bands.
MoU: This stands for ‘Memorandum of Understanding.’ It’s an agreement between two companies. In the context of 5G it usually means they’ve agreed to share research and work together on developing it.
MU MIMO: This stands for ‘Multi User MIMO’. It’s a set of multiple-input and multiple-output technologies for wireless communication.
NGMN: This stands for ‘Next Generation Mobile Networks’. It’s an alliance dedicated to evolving the mobile broadband experience, with 5G being the next step.
Ofcom: This is the UK’s Office of Communications. It’s a government-approved regulatory and competition authority for the telecommunications industry.
RF: This stands for ‘Radio Frequency’. It refers to any electromagnetic wave frequencies from 3kHz to 300 GHz.
WRC: This stands for ‘World Radiocommunication Conference’. It’s held every three to four years (the last one was WRC-15 and the next is WRC-19). It’s the job of the WRC to review radio regulations and international treaty governing the use of spectrum.