At a special event held on September 12, Apple launched three new iPhone models. But while the iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max, and iPhone XR pack some noteworthy new features, 5G connectivity isn’t among them.
This may come as a surprise to those who observed Apple’s boasts about significantly faster network performance from its new phones.
So what’s the deal with the iPhone and 5G? Why hasn’t Apple jumped aboard the next-gen network bandwagon nice and early? For answers to these questions and more, read on.
The iPhone XS is fast, but it’s not 5G
Both the iPhone XS and the iPhone XS Max (but not the iPhone XR) boast much faster network performance potential than any previous iPhone. But they’re still technically not 5G-ready.
Rather, the two flagship phones have support for Cat 16 Gigabit LTE, which is a very fast form of 4G. Cat 16 is capable of attaining peak download speeds of 1Gbps, or 1,000Mbps.
In terms of the new iPhone, this Cat 16 Gigabit LTE capability will potentially provide a two to three-fold increase in 4G network speeds compared to the iPhone X and iPhone XR, both of which pack lesser Cat 12 LTE modems.
Related: What is Gigabit LTE?
This elevated performance is starting to enter the orbit of 5G, or at least its nebulous early definitions. However, current expectations are that true 5G will offer speeds of around 10 to 20 times as fast, and will incorporate a range of new technologies and spectrum frequencies that will dramatically improve response times and capacity.
The iPhone XS is fast, then. But it’s not at 5G level.
Related: How fast is 5G?
Apple’s wait-and-see approach
In fairness to Apple, even preliminary 5G services aren’t due to make their limited roll-out until some way into 2019. So, will the next iPhone contain 5G compatibility when it’s announced towards the end of next year?
We can’t be sure of Apple’s plans - the company is famously secretive - but the likelihood seems fairly low.
While Apple often leads the way with its design innovations, it’s famously slow to adopt new third party connection standards. Historically, the company tends to wait until new standards are relatively mature and well on their way to mass-market adoption before it considers implementing them.
Apple’s handling of the switch to 3G and 4G provides ample evidence of this. The company didn’t equip the first iPhone with 3G connectivity when it launched in 2007, despite the fact that the first commercially available 3G networks had gone live globally in 2002 and 2003.
It wasn’t until the launch of the appropriately named iPhone 3G in 2008 that Apple adopted the by then well-established mobile network standard.
Apple was similarly late to the party when it came to 4G. By the time the 4G-ready iPhone 5 hit the market in 2012, consumers had already experienced around two years of 4G Android phone releases.
Even the aforementioned iPhone XS with its Cat 16 Gigabit LTE support arrived a good year and a half after the Samsung Galaxy S8 did likewise.
With experts predicting that 5G won’t even start to attain mainstream penetration until 2020, it would seem highly unlikely that Apple would consider a 5G iPhone before then.
The first 5G phones
The world’s biggest mobile chip maker Qualcomm unveiled the first mobile 5G modem in October 2017. Qualcomm predicts that the first phones to contain the X50 (or a direct successor to that chip) will start shipping some time in the first half of 2019.
At the Snapdragon X50 launch event, Qualcomm even provided its own 5G smartphone reference design. This handset was notable for featuring a tiny millimetre wave antenna, which will be a necessary feature of any early 5G phone hoping to connect to the higher 28 GHz frequency.
It’s worth noting that Apple and Qualcomm have been at serious loggerheads of late, to the tune of a multi-billion dollar lawsuit. As of this year’s iPhone XS, Apple no longer uses any Qualcomm chips in its phones.
This dispute is related to the licensing fees that Qualcomm charges for the use of its chips, and it’s not alone on that front. As highlighted recently by Nokia the cost of adopting early 5G modem technology is set to be huge for any company. Apple is unlikely to be keen on paying a premium for access to unproven and (initially at least) scarcely used 5G modem technology, regardless of the supplier.
Still, Qualcomm’s reference design hints at what a major effort the first 5G iPhone will be for Apple’s fastidious designers. Apple famously agonises over every spare millimetre in its devices, so you can bet that the introduction of a 5G modem will prompt a major redesign - whether that be internal, external or both.
Whatever the case, while the first 5G phones will start to appear in 2019 from the likes of Samsung and LG, we’re not expecting Apple to join the party until late 2020 at the earliest.
Useful read: What is 5G?